ANTI - COMINTERN PACT, 1936
German-Japanese Agreement and Supplementary Protocol, Signed at Berlin, November 25, 1936 Translation, in Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States: Japan, 1931-1941, II, 153
Agreement Guarding Against the Communistic International
The Imperial Government of Japan and the Government of Germany,
In cognizance of the fact that the object of the Communistic International (the so-called Komintern) is the disintegration of, and the commission of violence against, existing States by the exercise of all means at its command,
Believing that the toleration of interference by the Communistic International in the internal affairs of nations not only endangers their internal peace and social welfare, but threatens the general peace of the world,
Desiring to co-operate for defense against communistic disintegration, have agreed as follows.
The High Contracting States agree that they will mutually keep each other informed concerning the activities of the Communistic International, will confer upon the necessary measure of defense, and will carry out such measures in close co-operation.
The High Contracting States will jointly invite third States whose internal peace is menaced by the disintegrating work of the Communistic International, to adopt defensive measures in the spirit of the present Agreement or to participate in the present Agreement.
The Japanese and German texts are each valid as the original text of this Agreement. The Agreement shall come into force on the day of its signature and shall remain in force for the term of five years. The High Contracting States will, in a reasonable time before the expiration of the said term, come to an understanding upon the further manner of their co-operation.
In witness whereof the undersigned, duly authorized by their respective Governments, have affixed hereto their seals and signatures.
Done in duplicate at Berlin, November 25th, 11th year of Showa, corresponding to November 25th, 1936.
Viscount Kintomo Mushakoji
Imperial Japanese Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Joachim von Ribbentrop German Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Anti-Comintern Pact - Supplementary Protocol (November 6, 1937):
Supplementary Protocol to the Agreement Guarding Against the Communistic International On the occasion of the signature this day of the Agreement guarding against the Communistic International the undersigned plenipotentiaries have agreed as follows:
The competent authorities of both High Contracting States will closely co-operate in the exchange of reports on the activities of the Communistic International and on measures of information and defense against the Communistic International. The competent authorities of both High Contracting States will, within the framework of the existing law, take stringent measures against those who at home or abroad work on direct or indirect duty of the Communistic International or assist its disintegrating activities. To facilitate the co-operation of the competent authorities of the two High Contracting States as set out in (a) above, a standing committee shall be established. By this committee the further measures to be adopted in order to counter the disintegrating activities of the Communistic International shall be considered and conferred upon.
Done at Berlin, November 25th, 11th year of Showa, corresponding to November 25th, 1936.
Viscount Kintomo Mushakoji Imperial Japanese Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Joachim von Ribbentrop German Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Translation, in Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States: Japan, 1931-1941, II, 159
The Italian Government, the Government of the German Reich, and the Imperial Government of Japan,
Considering that the Communist International continues constantly to imperil the civilized world in the Occident and Orient, disturbing and destroygin peace and order,
Considering that only close collaboration looking to the maintenance of peace and order can limit and remove that peril,
Considering that Italy - who with the advent of the Fascist regime has with inflexible determination combated that peril and rid her territory of the Communist International - has decided to align herself against the common enemy along with Germany and Japan, who for their part are animated by like determination to defend themselves against the Communist International.
Have, in conformity with Article 2 of the Agreement against the Communist International concluded at Berlin on November 25, 1936, by Germany and Japan, agreed upon the following:
Italy becomes a party to the Agreement against the Communist International and to the Supplementary Protocol concluded on November 25, 1936, between Germany and Japan, the text of which is included in the annex to the present Protocol.
The three powers signatory to the present Protocol agree that Italy will be considered as an original signatory to the Agreement and Supplementary Protocol mentioned in the preceding article, the signing of the present Protocol being equivalent to the signature of the original text of the aforesaid Agreement and Supplementary Protocol.
The present Protocol shall constitute an integral part of the above-mentioned Agreement and Supplementary Protocol.
The present Protocol is drawn up in Italian, Japanese, and German, each text being considered authentic. It shall enter into effect on the date of signature.
In testimony whereof, etc...
Between Germany, Italy, and Japan, Signed at Berlin, September 27, 1940.
The governments of Germany, Italy and Japan, considering it as a condition precedent of any lasting peace that all nations of the world be given each its own proper place, have decided to stand by and co-operate with one another in regard to their efforts in greater East Asia and regions of Europe respectively wherein it is their prime purpose to establish and maintain a new order of things calculated to promote the mutual prosperity and welfare of the peoples concerned.
Furthermore, it is the desire of the three governments to extend co-operation to such nations in other spheres of the world as may be inclined to put forth endeavours along lines similar to their own, in order that their ultimate aspirations for world peace may thus be realized.
Accordingly, the governments of Germany, Italy and Japan have agreed as follows:
Japan recognizes and respects the leadership of Germany and Italy in establishment of a new order in Europe.
Germany and Italy recognize and respect the leadership of Japan in the establishment of a new order in greater East Asia.
Germany, Italy and Japan agree to co-operate in their efforts on aforesaid lines. They further undertake to assist one another with all political, economic and military means when one of the three contracting powers is attacked by a power at present not involved in the European war or in the Chinese-Japanese conflict.
With the view to implementing the present pact, joint technical commissions, members which are to be appointed by the respective governments of Germany, Italy and Japan will meet without delay.
Germany, Italy and Japan affirm that the aforesaid terms do not in any way affect the political status which exists at present as between each of the three contracting powers and Soviet Russia.(1)
The present pact shall come into effect immediately upon signature and shall remain in force 10 years from the date of its coming into force. At the proper time before expiration of said term, the high contracting parties shall at the request of any of them enter into negotiations for its renewal.
In faith whereof, the undersigned duly authorized by their respective governments have signed this pact and have affixed hereto their signatures.
Done in triplicate at Berlin, the 27th day of September, 1940, in the 19th year of the fascist era, corresponding to the 27th day of the ninth month of the 15th year of Showa (the reign of Emperor Hirohito).
Notes: (1) See Nazi-Soviet Diplomacy 1939-1941. This article refers no doubt to the Nazi-Soviet Non-agression Pact, the secret protocols to it, The Nazi-Soviet Boundary Agreement and its protocols. (note added by the Avalon Project).
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